Technologiczne Przygotowanie Produkcji
shaft technology - technologia wałków - technological process - proces technologiczny

Shaft technology – technological process – operation 30

Operation 30 is the penultimate operation of shaping the workpiece. The general technological process of the rollers indicates that the shafts technology provides for the machining of splineways before finishing. Looking at the basic general technological process of a stepped shaft without heat treatment, the splineways (on the external surface) are made after shaping. If, as in the present case, there are no external threads, or cross holes, the machining of the splineways precedes the finishing.

In the case of the discussed operation 30 (fig. 1) we deal with the machin of a 15H10 groove. Fit H10 is a clearance fit. The arrangement of this groove and the clearly fit indicate that the groove in the design of the discussed shaft is not a splineway. This is a good example of the fact that the use of general (typical) technological processes requires a flexible approach. In this case, it is important to process the planes on the external surface. Whether these are actually splineways or similar surfaces is not so important.

shaft technology - technologia wałków - technological process - proces technologiczny

Fig.1. Technological sketch for operations 30.

Technological operation 30

Table 1 shows the technological cuts of operations 30.

Table 1.
Cut No.: Technological cut:
1 Frezować rowek


Shaft technology means not only the machining of cylindrical surfaces. Grooves on external surfaces are made by milling. In the accepted convention of the technological process with the use of conventional machine tools, the groove is machined in technological operation 30 in a vertical milling machine (fig. 2).

shaft technology - technologia wałków - technological process - proces technologiczny

Fig.2 Example of a conventional vertical milling machine.

In order to make a groove (figure 1) it is necessary to design a fixture using a prism and clamp. The fixture is set using the so-called slide block on the table with T-slots. Fixing to the table is carried out by any available method.

Milling set block

Determining the tool requires the design and use of the block set. Figures 3 and 4 show examples of milling fixtures. It has been developed for the machining of parts of the sleeve class and the implementation of the groove in the flange. This example, however, shows the idea of using a block set for a milling cutter. The PLGc type of block set is a top angular milling block set. Nowadays, these types of block sets are no longer used.

shaft technology - technologia wałków - technological process - proces technologiczny

Fig.3. An exemplary milling fixture for machining a groove in a shaft. In this case along the axis.

shaft technology - technologia wałków - technological process - proces technologiczny

Fig. 4. An example of a milling fixture for machining a groove in the shield class with block set for mill.


The examples of fixtures in figures 3 and 4 do not show exactly the machining as in the case of the technological process under consideration. The above machining fixtures (figures 3 and 4) use the upper angular milling block set.

The design of this type of machining fixtures is economically justified in series production. The cost of designing and making special technological equipment is distributed over the number of processed items.

In the case of using more modern lathes, especially CNC lathes with the possibility of milling, operation 30 can be made as a technological cut in operation 10. Shaft technology today uses CNC machining centers, often two-spindle with the possibility of milling (transferring the power to the tool head) – fig. 5.

shaft technology - technologia wałków - technological process - proces technologiczny

Fig.5. The machining space in the Nakamura-Tome turning and milling center WT-250II MMY – Abplanalp stand – STOM 2018 international fair.

Previous post: Shaft technology – technological process – operation 20.

Next post: Shaft technology – technological process – operation 40.

The technological process of this shaft with the use of CNC machine tools will be discussed in a separate article.

  1. Feld M., Podstawy projektowania procesów technologicznych typowych części maszyn, WNT 2000
  2. Puff T., technologia budowy maszyn, PWN 1985
  3. Maciej Horczyczak Ph.D. – knowledge and consultations
  4. External turning – SANDVIK

About author


Born 1973. In 1993, I graduated from Technical Secondary School No. 1. In 1998, the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Automation (now Faculty of Production Engineering) - Warsaw University of Technology. 1997-2000 cutting tools manufacturer at VIS Precise Products Factory S.A. 2004. Unfortunately, this company no longer exists. PhD in gear technology. Production technologies and technological processes are my passion.

Related Articles

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *



Nadchodzące wydarzenia

  1. Studia podyplomowe CAD/CAM/CNC

    February 27 @ 10:00 - February 28 @ 17:00


  • 61,166
  • 6,106,052
  • 343,464
  • 175
%d bloggers like this: